It is believed that the Romans (210 BC) were the true promotors of winegrowing in the Douro Basin after invading the previously Vaccean territory and completely destroying the city under the orders of the Carthaginian general Hannibal.
On 11 January 1505, the famous 83 laws were proclaimed in Toro, which was the seat of the Court; centuries later, the city would be consolidated as the capital of the province. Over the years, a number of documents have organised, regulated and recognised wine cultivation and its importance to the city’s economy. Toro wine travelled to the New World and christened its discovery due to the characteristics that made it last and hold up well over long journeys.
TINTA DE TORO
Native and unique,
with a name of its own.
After the phylloxera infestation in Spain in 1870, grape cultivation underwent a great transformation. In Toro, the Tinta de Toro variety took root in loose, well-draining, sandy soils, with the widespread cultivation of ungrafted vines being conserved to this day. Toro had its own Oenological Station located in the city that provided technical services to meet the demands of winegrowers at the time. On 26 May 1933, Toro was officially classified as a Designation of Origin for the first time. (Gazette published 4 June 1933)
In 1990, the Castilla y León Regional Government launched a cloning and health selection plan for the grapevines, rescuing and multiplying the native varieties of the area, including Tinta de Toro, which is today a certified native variety with a name of its own and well-defined agronomic and ampelographic characteristics. It is sold with a blue label and its corresponding clone number.